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UPSC conducted the General Studies Paper 2, as part of the Civil Services Main Exam 2022 on 17-09-2022.

  • There were 20 questions printed in both English and Hindi.
  • 10 questions were of 10 marks each, while the remaining 10 questions were of 15 marks each.
  • Total Marks: 250 marks, Time duration: 3 hours.
  • All questions were compulsory.
  • The number of marks carried by a question/part was printed against it.
  • Answers had to be written in the medium authorized in the admission certificate which had to be stated clearly on the cover of this question-cum-answer
    (QCA) booklet in the space provided.
  • Answers to questions no. 1 to 10 were to be in 150 words, whereas answers to questions no. 11 to 20 were to be in 250 words.
  • Any page or portion of the page left blank, had to be struck off clearly.


Qn1. The most significant achievement of modern law in India is the constitutionalization of environmental problems by the Supreme Court.Discuss this statement with the help of relevant Case laws. (Answer in 150 words) 10 mark

Qn2. Right of movement and residence throughout the territory of India are freely available to the Indian citizens, but these rights are not absolute.Comment (Answer in 150 words) 10 mark

Qn3. To what extent in your opinion has the decentralisation of power in India changed the governance landscape at the grassroots?(Answer in 150 words) 10 mark

Qn4. Discuss the role of the Vice President of India as the chairman of Rajya Sabha. (Answer in  150 words) 10 mark

Qn5. Discuss the role of National Commission for Backward Classes in the wake of its transformation from a statutory body to a constitutional body. (Answer in 150 words) 10 mark

Qn6.The Gati-Shakti Yojana needs meticulous coordination between the government and the private sector to achieve the goal of connectivity. Discuss.
(Answer in  150 words) 10 mark

Qn7. The rights of persons with disabilities Act, 2016 remains only a legal document without intense sensitisation of Government functionaries and citizens regarding disability. Comment. (Answer in  150 words) 10 mark

Qn8. Reforming the government delivery system through the Direct Benefit Transfer Scheme is a progressive step, but it has limitations too. Comment. (Answer in  150 words) 10 mark

Qn9. ‘India is an age-old friend of Sri Lanka’. Discuss India’s role in the recent crisis in Sri Lanka in the light of the preceding statement. (Answer in  150 words) 10 mark

Qn10.Do you think that BIMSTEC is a parallel organisation like the SAARC? What are the similarities and dissimilarities between the two? How are Indian Foreign Policy objectives realised by forming this new organisation? (Answer in  250 words) 15 mark

Qn11. Discuss the procedures to decide the disputes arising out of the election of a Member of the Parliament or a State Legislature under the Representation of People Act 1951. What are the grounds on which the election of any returned candidate may be declared void ? What remedy is available to the aggrieved party against the decision? Refer to the case laws (Answer in  250 words) 15 mark

Qn12. Discuss the essential conditions for exercise of the legislative powers by the Governor. Discuss the legality of re- promulgation of ordinances by the Governor without placing them before the Legislature.

Qn13. “While the national political parties in India favour centralisation, the regional parties are in favour of state autonomy.” Comment. (Answer in  250 words) 15 mark

Qn14. Critically examine the procedures through which the presidents of India and France are elected. (Answer in  250 words) 15 mark

Qn15. Discuss the role of the Election Commission of India in the light of the evolution of the Model Code of Conduct. (Answer in  250 words) 15 mark

Qn16. Besides the welfare schemes, India needs deft management of inflation and unemployment to serve the poor and the underprivileged sections of society Discuss.  (Answer in  250 words) 15 mark

Qn17. Do you agree with the view that increasing dependence on donor agencies for development reduces the importance of community participation in the development process? Justify your answer.  (Answer in  250 words) 15 mark

Qn18. The Right of Children to green and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 remains inadequate in promoting incentive-based system for children’s education without generating awareness about the importance of schooling. Analyse.  (Answer in 250 words) 15 mark

Qn19. How will I2U2 (India, Israel, UAE and USA) grouping transform India’s position in global politics? (Answer in 250 words) 15 mark

Qn20. ‘Clean energy is the order of the day’. Describe briefly India’s changing policy towards climate change in various international for a in the context of geopolitics.  (Answer in 250 words) 15 mark

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